Nasal turbinate hypertrophy or enlargement of turbinates can be treated surgically. Surgical techniques include the removal of bone (submucous resection) or removal of parts of the turbinate (partial turbinectomy) or complete turbinectomy.
Another technique in nasal turbinate modification is the use of radio waves. Radiofrequency waves (somnoplasty) or radiofrequency ablation can decrease blood vessels under the mucous membranes in the turbinates without disturbing the function of the turbinates. This results in decreased turbinate size.
Surgery to correct a deviated septum is called a septoplasty. A deviated septum may be present at birth or due to trauma. In either case a severe deviation can lead to nasal obstruction and risk for sinusitis. Surgery to correct this problem can be performed endoscopically under local or general anesthesia and can be combined with FESS if needed.